COLUMN

2019/07/19「The life on Hashima after Showa 20 (1945)」- Kunio Takasaki (Yamochi)

◎Oura coastal street

   The terminal for Gunkanjima tour.

  Crossing Oura River to Matsugae bridge, you can see the old Matsugae Customs.

  If you take a walk from terminal to Minamiyamate street, you can see a 3 floors stone building called “The Former Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank Nagasaki Branch Museum”.

  If you walk to Kozone street from Oura coastal street, you will see a building called “Mining house”.

  Near the mining house, lots of cargo ship came here to transfer coal until 1945.

  If you see the opposite shore, you will see Mitsubishi Gantry crane. 

  One of a famous battleship “Musashi” hidden in there before.

 

◎Gunkanjima & Hakuju-maru

  Half a year after the war, when I was watching an American newsreel during the war, the periscope of an American submarine projected a familiar gantry crane.

  "Periscope" "Submarine" "Nagasaki Port" Really !?

  When I saw the yellow Western-style building "Coal Mine Company" on a periscope rotated 180 degrees, I understood that a submarine had invaded the port of Nagasaki and I was shocked.

  A submarine that goes out of the harbor with the periscope raised.

  After passing Koyagi and Fukahori, I could see Takashima and Hashima.

  When I went near to Hashima, they fired a torpedo to a ship full of coal.

  I followed the wake of the torpedo with a periscope and saw the sailor in a hurry on the turret of the ship.

  (At that time, I didn't know the names of the submarine and the cargo ship, but later I knew that the submarine was named "Tirante" and the cargo ship was named "Hakujumaru".)

  At Hashima Elementary School (about 70 meters from Hakuju Maru) in 1945, the third graders were in the schoolyard preparing for gymnastics

  Suddenly the seawater fell like rainstorm, then an explosion sounded, the classroom windowpanes broke and debris fell.

  I didn’t know what happened and I ran into the classroom.

  Pieces of torpedoes flew about 80 meters and broke through the roof of the bathroom.

  Hakuju-maru sank and ran ashore on the seabed.

  The gun inside Hakuju-maru pulled up from the ship and got on the roof of Building No. 30.  After that, Cannonball did not help in the actual battle.

  Around five or six sailors stayed on Hashima to protect their guns until the end of the war.

 

◎Downtown before the war

  The first floor of Building No. 30 is a shopping street.

  There were lots of shops in the street, like Niko Niko restaurant, Oishi Footwear Store, Ochimizu Clock Store, Hamamatsu Kimono Store etc.

  Niko Niko restaurant owned by my uncle and aunt, and it was the only restaurant on Hashima. The size was a half area of the first floor in Building No. 30.

  The staffs lived in the rooms in 1st and 2nd floors, and my uncle's family lived in a large room on the 2nd floor, which was also used for shopping street meetings too.

  Hamamatsu, who is in the same shopping street, had a relationship with the neighborhood with me for a while after he moved to Nagasaki city.

  Also, when I went to visit my teacher's house, I met Ooishi again who lived next to my teacher’s house.

  If you go down the stone stairs in front of Niko Niko restaurant, you will see a wooden building that have lots of shop too. Like Umino alcohol store, Mori hair shop, beauty salon, Kanegae shop, Nakayama shop, tofu shop and a small fire department.

  Below right side of the stairs, there were a bathroom and a wooden building around 2/3 floor.

  There was a Yoshidaya owned by a person from the Korean, a Japanese partner Morimotoya and Hondaya, and a post office nearby.

  There was a buying shop of the company in front of that.

  “Buying shop”means selling clothing, life goods, food, alcohol or cigarettes, etc.

  I remember that I bought some alcohol from buying shop and I fell down on the stairs in front of my house and broke the bottle.

  When the child caught a fly or a mouse and brought it to the shop, they gave them a point ticket.

  The point ticket can change some candy or stationery.

  Niko Niko restaurant had two chefs.

  When guests lived in company dormitory(Kikuchi dormitory), they carried meals from the Nico Nico restaurant.

  At evening, Nico Nico restaurant became a bar. Waitress drank with customers together and it was the busiest place on the island.

  Kokin was a barker, he came to help Nico Nico restaurant and took care of customers.

  There were always some young women play“Chima Chogori” on the front of Yoshidaya on a sunny day.

  It was a equipment that I never saw in Japan, where one person kicked up the ground and the other jumped up on the other side, standing on both ends of the wooden mobile.

  After playing, they put the equipment in the shop.

 

◎Filming the movie "Midorinaki Shima(Island without Greenery)"

  "Midorinaki Shima” filmed around the summer of 1948.

  At that time, the team of popular actors Shin Saburi, Shuji Sano, Michiko Kuwano, Michiko Ikuno, and So Yamamura stayed at Kikuchi Dormitory (later Seifuso).

  The movie location was in front of Showakan (movie theater), people who waited to see the love scene in the rain were disappointed with the kissing scene hidden by an umbrella.

  The movie describes the love of young people and released on Hashima but we cannot found neither the original plate or the print now.

 

◎From the 3rd tour space (The space for the landing tour)

  3rd tour space was on the north side of the southern sports playground and there were two wooden long buildings. 

  There was the downtown area before the war. At the last few months of the war, the wooden long buildings became a camp for Chinese prisoners.
   
  The exit of the camp had a wooden fence and there was no guard and soldier.

  The staff of the Labor Division was on duty for the camp.

  Basically, there were no military on Hashima.

  Around July 1945, a worker in the Labor Division Mr.M ,died in the midnight cause got hit with a shovel on head by a Chinese prisoner.

  Mr. M was a leader who managed worker on Hashima no matter Japanese or foreigner.

  The Chinese workers were handed over to a police station in Nagasaki. After August 15th, Chinese Workers were free to go out.

  Cause my aunt spoke Manchu language, one day a person climbed up to the 5th floor of Building 30 to meet her.

  He gave me a Mantou as a souvenir. I only knew black potato dumpling, the soft and white Mantou was delicious.



◎Long building of Korean behind Showa House.

  There were two classmates from the Korean in 4 wooden long buildings.

  One of them called Yongo Nakamura (his mother call him Yongo) lived in the there.

  The other who calls himself the Japanese name “Tsutomu Iwamoto,” ,his father is from the Korean and lived in a single dormitory.

  Some elderly lived in long building too.

  Elderly liked to sit on a shaded vine and smoking with a long pipe on a hot summer day with a rattan tube on his arm and a wide-brimmed hat.

  There was a " mourner" in the funeral line of people from the Korean.

  The mourner crying out loud to the pier to see off the funeral but they stopped crying as nothing happened when the funeral finished.

  My aunt who lived in Manchuria told me about why they made a fake cry.

  (There were many people from the Korean in Manchuria too.)

  On the way from home to school, I saw a couple fighting in front of my house.

  I heard that they arguing in Korean, my neighbors came out and listened to both sides.

  I was just a heckler so I don't know the reason they argued for.



◎“Lisan”at 5 floor in Building No.30

  His name was "Lisan" on the nameplate, so I asked for his last name .

  The first name is "Li" and the last name is "San". So Japanese don’t need to add “〜Mr(San)”behind his name,

  He sterilized by boiling in a large pot, and boasted that "there are no fleas or lice in my house" and "the Japanese are dirty".

  A few days after the atomic bomb, I brought my wife from Nagasaki to Hashima.

  I collected aloe to heal my wife from burned by the boom at home.

  I heard that Korean workers returned to Korea a few days after the end of the war.

  I knew about “Li San” was the common name later, but it seems that there were some people who lived together in the same building as the Japanese family with the common name like him.

  There were some Koreans who lived in Japan and did not return.

 

◎Glasses pier

  A foodstuff boat named "Mukochi" usually arrive near Building No.6.

  Some residents in single dormitory carried logs and went out to the sea of darkness at the midnight.

  They swept away by sea wave and screamed for help.

  Searchlights were set up to look for someone who needed help in the sea waves of the dark.

  The air raids from US military, and lights were limited, so the searchlight has been used rarely.

  It didn't turn on the searchlight near the quay all the time.

  No one jumped into the sea from the top of the quay at the risk of life, or climbing the quay in darkness.

  Someone dumped excrement nearby when the storm continued and the ship could not come.

 

◎Tide Town

  Hashima did not have a town name and street number, so it called by the area around the wooden house in the northwestern part of the island.

  When storm came, seawater fell over the quay.

  There were still some wooden long buildings in around 1945,

  Miners and technical-class miners lived there.

  Also some worker from outside such as Shimizu-gumi, Hazama-gumi, and Kumagai-gumi lived in there too.

  My parents lived nearby stonewall in front of the first dormitory.

  Maybe it a land created by embankment at a rocky mountain in the early stages of development?

  According to the map it is around Building 65 and the children's park.

  I walked along near stonewall and fell on the road in front of the first dormitory, 

  I heard the warship announcing at here too.



◎Air raid and Air raid shelter

  An air raid warning went off when B29 and Grumman passed around Hashima,

  An air raid shelter was made in the mountains for all the residents to take refuge.

  They made four exits in the cross.

  I don't remember if there was a light and what happened after that.

  There was no damage by the air raids from the mainland.

  A big fish crossed the seawall and went up in to the island because of the bomb dropped into the sea.

  Some people was willing to pick up a delicious fish.

  I also saw an battle plane fly over the Goto nada Sea.

  I don't think they attacked Hashima.

 

◎Crossing corridor named by “The pier”

  The pier in "Daily Salary" building became a playground for children and a cool place in the evening of summer.
  Some people took out mattresses and slept at there.

 

◎The barge that connected Yukamaru and the pier was called "Sanpan" which also called “三板(Sanba)”from China or Southeast Asia.

  I think everyone will remember that the boatman helped them to go up and down by the ladder from "Sampan" to "Pier".

  By the way, Yugao-maru was the first iron ship of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and it was a good style ship.

  I liked the voices of Captain Motomura when he said "Yosoro" next to the wheelhouse.

  The sound of the steam engine was also pleasant

 

矢持 邦穂(やもち くにお)Kunio Yamochi :
Born in Building No.30 4/F in April 23, 1945

Father Kanzo Yamochi :
Born in Kurume Came to Hashima by the request from his sister
 
Mother Fuyuno (Shinchi) :
Born in Ishimura in Nagasaki Nishisonogi (Tameshimachi in Nagasaki City now)
She was a coal miner when single
Lived with few families on Hashima together

Uncle Shinichi Inishi :
Born in Nango Village, Kitakawachi in Osaka in 1897
Came to Hashima in Taisho period
Managed Barn in Hashima and opened “Nico Nico restaurant” after the barn closed

Aunt Matsuyo Inishi :
Born in Kurume City in Fukuoka in 1903
Married Shinichi on Hashima in September 1938
Became the owner of Nico Nico restaurant When her husband Shinichi passed away in 1938

 
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